Anatoly Schura graduated from the composition department of the Belarus State Conservatoire in the class of prof. Evgeny Glebov.

In December 1990, on the recommendation of Alfred Schnittke he was admitted to the USSR Composers Union.

In 1994, on the basis of the chamber ensemble of teachers and graduates of Narva Music School, he created a symphony orchestra, which is now under his leadership. In February 1998, the Estonian government had granted citizenship of the Republic of Estonia due to this creation of the collective.

In 1996-2001, Anatoly Schura was studying symphony conducting at the Estonian Academy of Music in the class of prof. Roman Matsov. He participated in masterclasses of Jorma Panula.

He has toured in Russia, Finland, Poland, Germany, Latvia. Anatoly Schura was a conductor of the Szczecin Philharmonic and the Philharmonic Zielona Gora (Poland), the Smolensk Chamber Orchestra, the Pärnu Symphony Orchestra (Estonia). In March 2005, with the Zielona Gora Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra, he took part in the International Music Festival “Days of Music above the Oder”. Since 2006, he has been collaborating with the Chamber Orchestra of the Philharmonic of Veliky Novgorod. In collaboration with the Ensemble of Soloists of the Academic Symphony Orchestra of the St. Petersburg Philharmonic performed in the programs of the St. Petersburg Philharmonic with the participation of world stars of jazz. In 2021 and 2022 years during Narva Days of Opera Anatoly Schura staged operas Fidelio by L.van Beethoven, Eugene Onegin by P.Tchaikovsky  and opera-oratorio Oedipus rex by I.Stravinsky.

Winner of Kultuurkapital Fund Prize for the popularization of classical music and the “Pearl of Culture” award. In February 2008, A.Schura was awarded the Order of the White Star V degree by the President of the Republic of Estonia. In March 2016, by the decision of the Narva City Assembly, Anatoly Schura was awarded the title of Honorary Citizen of Narva.